It’s the amount of days we have to wait to see our favorite couple again.
THREE HUNDRED AND TWENTY-SIX days.
Well, to be fair, since the last episode of S3 (that almost killed us) to this day, it’s been a little more than 240 days already, meaning we’re almost there.
Less than 86 days now!
We will survive SISters!
The date for S4 was announced, November 4th, and while it’s still a couple months ahead, we decided to do a series of posts on everything you need to know before watching next season.
Here we will compare books vs series and give lots of information to prepare you for S4. Be careful, these posts may contain some SPOILERS!
Je suis Prest?
Before we start, let’s talk about a curious fact that sometimes causes a certain confusion on Outlander’s timeline. When the book was released in the US, DG wrote that Claire and Frank were traveling to Scotland after the end of World War II in 1945.
When the book was to be released in England, the editors did not accept this date, claiming that no one travelled around Europe in 1945. They changed the year to 1946, but by 1947, England had not yet opened the country’s borders.
Exactly when it opened, we do not know, but we know it wasn’t until everything was almost rebuilt.
In the tv series, the date remained 1945. In the narrative it is explained that Claire and Frank went to Scotland not only because of historical ties to his past but also because it was one of the few places that had not been totally destroyed during World War II.
Well, now that we got that out of the way, let’s go to our subject today!
We chose to talk about something we all love and can’t wait to see: Jamie and Claire’s new home.
The last episode of S3 ends with a ship wreck taking Jamie and Claire to a beach in America.
And it was on the New World that they built Fraser’s Ridge.
But, you know what is a Ridge?
Every Outlander reader has read the term Ridge at least once in the books, or several times if you’ve passed the 3rd book. Ridge means a long narrow hilltop, mountain range, or watershed. This is generally a geographical accident with a small rise and a mild decline.
In another words: a damn beautiful place!
It is there, that our favorite couple goes through extraordinary, happy, emotional and also (why not) very sad moments.
So where is this Frasers paradise out of Scotland?
In the new world, United States of America, more specifically in North Carolina.
In the books, Jamie receives a land offer from North Carolina Governor at the time, William Tryon. Most interesting enough, this governor was a real person in US history, a mix of historical and fictional characters, which makes the narrative much richer and more interesting.
Fraser’s Ridge in Outlander’s time:
Fraser’s Ridge is about the size of ten thousand acres, the equivalent of 40km². The place is described as “wild” when Claire and Jamie arrive. The mountain range has rivers, clearings, lawns, hillsides and wildlife. The land near the river is used for planting, and the slopes, for drainage. The region is very cold in winter (there are several parts where the snow is mentioned) and very hot in summer (we understand summer), we even have several descriptions of extremely hot days.
Where would Fraser’s Ridge be these days?
Diana Gabaldon said Fraser’s Ridge is about 10 miles from Blowing Rock or Boone, both in North Carolina. The site covers the banks of the Yadkin River, which cuts across the state.
Google points to Fraser’s Ridge as a historic landmark in North Carolina, which address is Taylorsville, NC, 28681, USA.
Taylorsville was formed in Alexander County in the year 1847, after nearly 47 acres were donated to its formation. Most of the land was woodland, and the road, linking the town of Statesville to Morganton, passed only through the southern part of the city.
But why did Jamie choose this place within so many land?
The existence of wild strawberries in the area was one of the reasons Jamie considered taking the Governor’s offer and starting his life with Claire in those “wild” lands.
Fraser comes from the French, fraises, meaning strawberries. This makes the fruit the symbol of the Scottish clan most loved by us. For Jamie, the strawberries were a sign that it would be the ideal place to build his home.
“Strawberries have always been the emblem of the clan. For starters, this is what the name meant when a Monsieur Fréselière came from France with the king William and took some land in the Scottish Highlands.
– Flowers, fruits and leaves together at once. The white flowers represent the honor, red fruits courage … and green leaves, constancy. “
Autumn Drums, Chapter Strawberry Fields Forever
To inaugurate and celebrate the new home, Claire and Jamie do a very … interesting ritual to fertilize the fields.
Who were the neighbors of the Frasers?
In the Outlander’s books, Fraser’s Ridge had borders with an Indian reservation. It’s name is Anna Ooka and (surprise) it existed in real life!
The reservation appears in several surveys of the eighteenth century, but the origins and history of the place are totally unknown.
Mostly all discoveries of new continents, at that time, were done by the navigators, and the colonization in the USA went from coastal to inland.
There was a policy of encouraging colonization, when our couple arrived. So it was proposed, primarily for the new immigrants to settle and become Home Landers. The first colonists were young and full of dreams, willing to take their shot in the New World. The common denominator was that they felt there was no future for them in the place they left, specially after Culloden. Jamie looked at the mountains of Fraser’s Ridge with new possibilities and prospects of a dream that could become his reality.
But the farther he went inland, the closer he came to the indians and this was the fear of many of the immigrants and new residents of the inland.
Fraser’s Ridge was practically surrounded by these natives, some reckless and some more friendly. Throughout the history of the fourth book, Diana Gabaldon introduced some of these natives, among them the Tuscorara and the Mohawks. These two tribes will have an important and determining role in our couple’s life, especially Claire’s, where she will narrow relations with a shaman.
Both the Tusoracas and the Mowhawk were part of a confederation, a union of six tribes called Iroquois.
From the little we saw in the new S4 teaser, Terry’s job should be once again spot on as the characters resembles the original indians perfectly.
As far as we could tell, during our research, most of the facts narrated by Diana Gabaldon are true, besides the fictional characters, of course.
Not long after they had settled in Fraser’s Ridge, a Tuscarora Indian from Anna Ooka visited them. As time passed, it was their turn to visit the reservation. This tribe is known for its cordiality and hospitality, at least a little more than most of the people Jamie knew in Scotland.
You may be wondering: at what point in time did all this happen?
Claire and Jamie arrived at the American Colonies in 1767 and despite the fresh and new air, the moment was tense. That’s because the 13 colonies were long in conflict with the “Lords of their Lands” – primarily England.
But the tension was not just in the new world. In Scotland, things were not going so well. After the Battle of Culloden, a large number of Scots emigrated to the Thirteen Colonies.
They fled from the extreme measures the Crown applied to the Scottish people after the Jacobite Uprising, such as a banning kilts and tartans, banning the clan system and even the use of typically Scottish instruments such as bagpipes.
America, though was still under England’s power, offered the promise of a better life for the Scots, especially in the Carolinas and Virginia.
The voyage from Scotland to the colonies was done by ships, usually overcrowded and in bad conditions even for those who had better financial conditions.
More than 50,000 Scots settled in the Thirteen Colonies between 1763 and 1776, especially in North Carolina.
In 1739, Gabriel Johnston, the royal governor of North Carolina and a native Scotch, encouraged 360 highlanders to settle in North Carolina, and in return the new residents would have ten years of tax exemption, the same offer Jamie received from Governor Tryon, as soon as he arrived in America.
Before Jamie leaves Ardsmuir prison, on his way to Hellwater, he asks John Gray where the other prisoners would be taken.
It turns out that the Colonies of the English Crown still received many prisoners on parole, who in the future would eventually settle there. Jamie will look for them later, to invite them to occupy their land in Fraser’s Ridge.
Would the Scottish Clan system continue in America?
Jamie’s contract with Governor Tryon allowed him to deploy the “clan” system in Fraser’s Ridge. It worked as some type of lease.
This treaty with the Governor took Jamie one more time to War, still against the first “uprisings” of the Quakers, in which Roger was hanged.
This type of contract was stimulated by the crown with the intention of inhabiting and developing the inland of the colonies.
The Quakers were the first to rebel against the English crown, because of the high tax rates charged by them.
Quakers (or friends) are members of a Christian religious movement that began in England in the 17th century and spread throughout the United States, Canada, Mexico and Central America.
Some Quakers originally came to North America to spread their beliefs to British settlers, while others came to escape the persecution they suffered in Europe.
The earliest known Quakers in North America arrived in the Bay of Massachusetts colony in 1656, via Barbados, and soon joined other Quaker preachers who converted many colonists to Quakerism.
Is it real facts you want, @?
Nineteen of the fifty-six delegates who signed the Declaration of Independence were Scots or descendants.
Among the Scottish Highlanders who settled in North Carolina is Flora McDonald who helped save the life of Bonnie Prince Charlie after the Battle of Culloden. She resided with her husband, Alan, in the community of Barbecue, county of Harnett, between the years 1774 and 1778.
The American icon Uncle Sam, who embodies the American spirit more than any other figure, was actually based on a real man.
A businessman from Troy, New York, Samuel Wilson, whose parents sailed to America from Greenock, Scotland, was officially recognized as the original Uncle Sam. He provided the army with pork in barrels during the war of 1812. The barrels were labeled with the acronym “U.S.” (United States), but it was a joke among the soldiers, who said that the barrels came from Uncle Sam (Uncle Sam), in reference to Samuel. Later, Uncle Sam was used as an abbreviation for the US federal government.
Who are the new characters of S4?
One of Outlander’s most interesting things is that each season is quite different from the last ones. With the changes in the story, we always say goodbye to some characters we loved, which is sad (we miss Rupert and Angus).
But we are also introduced to incredible new characters (and not so many others) and S4 is no different. Attention, this part of the post may contain some spoilers!
Here we will introduce you to some of those new characters:
He was governor of North Carolina until 1771, when he was appointed Governor of New York.
On April 26th, 1764, William Tryon was appointed Governor of North Carolina. There was little controversy since Governor Arthur Dobbs, refused to leave office.
Tryon continued as deputy governor until 1765, when Dobbs fell ill and died on March 28th, 1765. On July 10th of that same year the king promoted him to Governor.
In July 1767, Jamie Fraser meets the Governor during a dinner, and during this dinner a treaty is signed that will interfere with the life of our favorite couple !!!
Bonnet, an Irish man, became an orphan very early, grew self-sufficient and began working on merchant ships. At one point in his life, he settled in Inverness and began working as a “constructer” in a tavern.
He was almost killed, being offered as a sacrifice to fulfill an ancient tradition.
After that, Bonnet never worked on solid ground, spending his entire life running the seven seas
Totally ablivious of Bonnet’s past, Jamie believed his pep talk.(on the grounds of SPOILER we will not tell further). Oh…well!
Jocasta Cameron Innes
She is the younger sister of Ellen Fraser, Collum and Dougal Mackenzie. Born in 1702, she was married to John Cameron, with whom she had a daughter, Clementina Cameron, in 1718. Clementina, a widow, had two children. Clementina and her sons died during the sweep of the English Crown after the Battle of Culloden. John died of dehydration.
Ah! Poor little auntie, she lost the whole family.
Jocasta marries again to Hugh Cameron, who was cousin to her first husband, John. They had a daughter, Seonag. Hugh died during a hunting trip, leaving Jocasta again a widow (the woman likes this marital status).
Seonag got married and had a baby. Her husband died during the Battle of Culloden, she and her son, soon after (DG loves a disgrace, it’s her favorite food, here among us).
But Auntie, who is not a fool, got remarried to another Cameron. Her new husband and THIRD one was Hector Cameron. They had a daughter, Morna Cameron; during the Jacobite Uprising they decided to flee.
During the escape, Cameron shot his own daughter unintentionally and took refuge in America acquiring a farm, called River Run, located near Cross Creek. Hector died of the flu and Jocasta kept her marital status: widow.
But do not feel sorry for Auntie. Behind all of this disgrace there is a strong, fearless, and very brave woman.
We could not stop talking about Outlander’s most beloved dog (half dog, half wolf).
Now that you are fully aware of the historical and social context of North Carolina at the time, a question remains:
What are your expectations for S4 Fraser’s Ridge?
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Writers and Research: Thaís, Alexandra, Catarina Balfe, Queen Victoria
Text Compiler: Flávia e Bianca
Historical context: Thaís, Alexandra, Queen Victoria, Catarina Balfe
Images: Catarina Balfe
Design: Talita, Catarina Balfe
Subtitles: Queen Victoria
Text formatting: Thaís
Portuguese Proofreading: Thaís, Alexandra, Manu
English translation: Bianca
Website compiler: Alexandra